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The cell is one of the basic building blocks of the human body and cell biology is a fascinating subject. A lot is known about how cells function but a lot remains a mystery as well. For instance the DNA and RNA combine to make up only about 1.5% of the cells they inhabit, yet contain an unbelievable amount of information.

The information packed into the DNA of your genes, when translated into English letters, would fill two hundred New York City phone books.

On the outside, our cells are covered with a membrane which allows materials to pass in and out. Essentially, it allows food in and lets toxicity out. How well this transport occurs depends to a large degree on the osmotic pressure of the cell membrane, which in turn depends on the quantity and quality of the alkaline elements sodium, potassium, calcium, and magnesium.

Because our cells are the most basic functional unit within our bodies, our cells must be healthy for us to be healthy. Cellular health is determined by the right balance of the four alkaline elements and the availability of the highest amount of absorb-able nutrients. With the right nutrients a cell may be able to live forever! Some other interesting facts about atoms and cells:

• Cells with different functions have different shapes
• In each human cell there are 24 pairs of chromosomes
and 25,000 genes.
• The atom is the most basic element of all life. Imagine that the nucleus of an atom is the size of a tennis ball. Then the electrons that circle around it would extend out as far as a square city block.
• Likewise if the atom were the size of a pea, a cell would be the size of a cruise ship, and the human body would be the size of North America.
• The average adult human body is made up of 40-50 trillion cells, enough to stretch around the planet 40 times over. Pretty amazing.